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Muhammad


ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ وَصَدُّواْ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ أَضَلَّ أَعۡمَٰلَهُمۡ

(47: 1) Allah has caused the works of those who disbelieve1 and
hinder people from the way of Allah2 to go to waste. 3

وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَٰتِ وَءَامَنُواْ بِمَا نُزِّلَ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٖ وَهُوَ ٱلۡحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّهِمۡ كَفَّرَ عَنۡهُمۡ سَيِّـَٔاتِهِمۡ وَأَصۡلَحَ بَالَهُمۡ

(47: 2) As for those who attained to faith and did righteous works and believed
in what was revealed to Muhammad4 � which indeed is the Truth from
their Lord5 � Allah has remitted their evil deeds and has set their
condition right. 6

ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ ٱتَّبَعُواْ ٱلۡبَٰطِلَ وَأَنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ٱتَّبَعُواْ ٱلۡحَقَّ مِن رَّبِّهِمۡۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يَضۡرِبُ ٱللَّهُ لِلنَّاسِ أَمۡثَٰلَهُمۡ

(47: 3) That is because those who disbelieved followed falsehood whereas those
who believed followed the Truth that came to them from their Lord. Thus does
Allah set forth to people parables showing their true state. 7

فَإِذَا لَقِيتُمُ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ فَضَرۡبَ ٱلرِّقَابِ حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَآ أَثۡخَنتُمُوهُمۡ فَشُدُّواْ ٱلۡوَثَاقَ فَإِمَّا مَنَّۢا بَعۡدُ وَإِمَّا فِدَآءً حَتَّىٰ تَضَعَ ٱلۡحَرۡبُ أَوۡزَارَهَاۚ ذَٰلِكَۖ وَلَوۡ يَشَآءُ ٱللَّهُ لَٱنتَصَرَ مِنۡهُمۡ وَلَٰكِن لِّيَبۡلُوَاْ بَعۡضَكُم بِبَعۡضٖۗ وَٱلَّذِينَ قُتِلُواْ فِي سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ فَلَن يُضِلَّ أَعۡمَٰلَهُمۡ

(47: 4) When you meet the unbelievers (in battle), smite their necks until
you have crushed them, then bind your captives firmly; thereafter (you are entitled
to) set them free, either by an act of grace, or against ransom, until the war
ends. 8 That is for you to do. If Allah had so willed, He would have
Himself exacted retribution from them. (But He did not do so) that He may test
some of you by means of others. 9 As for those who are slain in the
way of Allah, He shall never let their works go to waste. 0

سَيَهۡدِيهِمۡ وَيُصۡلِحُ بَالَهُمۡ

(47: 5) He will guide them and set their condition right

وَيُدۡخِلُهُمُ ٱلۡجَنَّةَ عَرَّفَهَا لَهُمۡ

(47: 6) and will admit them to Paradise with which He has acquainted them. 1

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ إِن تَنصُرُواْ ٱللَّهَ يَنصُرۡكُمۡ وَيُثَبِّتۡ أَقۡدَامَكُمۡ

(47: 7) Believers, if you aid Allah, He will come to your aid2
and will plant your feet firmly.

وَٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ فَتَعۡسٗا لَّهُمۡ وَأَضَلَّ أَعۡمَٰلَهُمۡ

(47: 8) As to those who disbelieve, perdition lies in store for them3
and Allah has reduced their works to nought.

ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمۡ كَرِهُواْ مَآ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ فَأَحۡبَطَ أَعۡمَٰلَهُمۡ

(47: 9) That was because they were averse to what Allah had revealed; 4
so He let their works go to waste.

۞أَفَلَمۡ يَسِيرُواْ فِي ٱلۡأَرۡضِ فَيَنظُرُواْ كَيۡفَ كَانَ عَٰقِبَةُ ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبۡلِهِمۡۖ دَمَّرَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيۡهِمۡۖ وَلِلۡكَٰفِرِينَ أَمۡثَٰلُهَا

(47: 10) Have they not journeyed through the land to see the end of those
who went before them? Allah utterly destroyed them. These unbelievers are doomed
to the same end. 5

ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ مَوۡلَى ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَأَنَّ ٱلۡكَٰفِرِينَ لَا مَوۡلَىٰ لَهُمۡ

(47: 11) That is because Allah is the Protector of the believers whereas the
unbelievers have none to protect them. 6

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُدۡخِلُ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَٰتِ جَنَّـٰتٖ تَجۡرِي مِن تَحۡتِهَا ٱلۡأَنۡهَٰرُۖ وَٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ يَتَمَتَّعُونَ وَيَأۡكُلُونَ كَمَا تَأۡكُلُ ٱلۡأَنۡعَٰمُ وَٱلنَّارُ مَثۡوٗى لَّهُمۡ

(47: 12) Allah shall admit those who believe and do righteous works to the
Gardens beneath which rivers flow. As for the unbelievers, they enjoy the pleasures
of this transient life and eat as cattle eat. 7 The Fire shall be
their resort.

وَكَأَيِّن مِّن قَرۡيَةٍ هِيَ أَشَدُّ قُوَّةٗ مِّن قَرۡيَتِكَ ٱلَّتِيٓ أَخۡرَجَتۡكَ أَهۡلَكۡنَٰهُمۡ فَلَا نَاصِرَ لَهُمۡ

(47: 13) (O Prophet), how many are the cities that had greater power than
your city that drove you out? We destroyed them and there was none to protect
them. 8

أَفَمَن كَانَ عَلَىٰ بَيِّنَةٖ مِّن رَّبِّهِۦ كَمَن زُيِّنَ لَهُۥ سُوٓءُ عَمَلِهِۦ وَٱتَّبَعُوٓاْ أَهۡوَآءَهُم

(47: 14) Then, can he, who is on a Clear Guidance from His Lord, be like him
whose evil deeds have been embellished to him, and who pursued their lusts?9

مَّثَلُ ٱلۡجَنَّةِ ٱلَّتِي وُعِدَ ٱلۡمُتَّقُونَۖ فِيهَآ أَنۡهَٰرٞ مِّن مَّآءٍ غَيۡرِ ءَاسِنٖ وَأَنۡهَٰرٞ مِّن لَّبَنٖ لَّمۡ يَتَغَيَّرۡ طَعۡمُهُۥ وَأَنۡهَٰرٞ مِّنۡ خَمۡرٖ لَّذَّةٖ لِّلشَّـٰرِبِينَ وَأَنۡهَٰرٞ مِّنۡ عَسَلٖ مُّصَفّٗىۖ وَلَهُمۡ فِيهَا مِن كُلِّ ٱلثَّمَرَٰتِ وَمَغۡفِرَةٞ مِّن رَّبِّهِمۡۖ كَمَنۡ هُوَ خَٰلِدٞ فِي ٱلنَّارِ وَسُقُواْ مَآءً حَمِيمٗا فَقَطَّعَ أَمۡعَآءَهُمۡ

(47: 15) Here is the parable of Paradise which the God-fearing have been promised:
in it shall be rivers of incorruptible water, 0 rivers of milk unchanging
in taste, 1and rivers of wine, a delight to those that drink; 2
and rivers of pure honey. 3 In it they will have every kind of fruit
as well as forgiveness from their Lord. 4 Can such be like those
who will abide in the Fire and will be given a boiling water to drink that will
tear their bowels apart?

وَمِنۡهُم مَّن يَسۡتَمِعُ إِلَيۡكَ حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا خَرَجُواْ مِنۡ عِندِكَ قَالُواْ لِلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡعِلۡمَ مَاذَا قَالَ ءَانِفًاۚ أُوْلَـٰٓئِكَ ٱلَّذِينَ طَبَعَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمۡ وَٱتَّبَعُوٓاْ أَهۡوَآءَهُمۡ

(47: 16) Among them some give ear to you. But no sooner do they leave your
presence than they ask those endowed with knowledge: “What is it that he said
just now?”5 Such are those whose hearts Allah has sealed and who
pursue their lusts. 6

وَٱلَّذِينَ ٱهۡتَدَوۡاْ زَادَهُمۡ هُدٗى وَءَاتَىٰهُمۡ تَقۡوَىٰهُمۡ

(47: 17) As for those who were led to the Guidance, 7 Allah increases
them in their guidance and causes them to grow in God-fearing. 8

فَهَلۡ يَنظُرُونَ إِلَّا ٱلسَّاعَةَ أَن تَأۡتِيَهُم بَغۡتَةٗۖ فَقَدۡ جَآءَ أَشۡرَاطُهَاۚ فَأَنَّىٰ لَهُمۡ إِذَا جَآءَتۡهُمۡ ذِكۡرَىٰهُمۡ

(47: 18) Are they waiting, then, for anything else than the Last Hour to suddenly
come upon them?9 Already some of its tokens have come. 0
But when it does actually come upon them, where will any time be left for them
to take heed?

فَٱعۡلَمۡ أَنَّهُۥ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهُ وَٱسۡتَغۡفِرۡ لِذَنۢبِكَ وَلِلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ وَٱلۡمُؤۡمِنَٰتِۗ وَٱللَّهُ يَعۡلَمُ مُتَقَلَّبَكُمۡ وَمَثۡوَىٰكُمۡ

(47: 19) Know, therefore, (O Prophet), that there is no god but Allah, and
ask forgiveness for your shortcomings and also for (the shortcomings of) believing
men and believing women. 1 Allah knows the places where you move
about and where you dwell.

وَيَقُولُ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَوۡلَا نُزِّلَتۡ سُورَةٞۖ فَإِذَآ أُنزِلَتۡ سُورَةٞ مُّحۡكَمَةٞ وَذُكِرَ فِيهَا ٱلۡقِتَالُ رَأَيۡتَ ٱلَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٞ يَنظُرُونَ إِلَيۡكَ نَظَرَ ٱلۡمَغۡشِيِّ عَلَيۡهِ مِنَ ٱلۡمَوۡتِۖ فَأَوۡلَىٰ لَهُمۡ

(47: 20) The believers used to say: “Why is a surah (that would ordain fighting)
not revealed?” But when a definitive surah was revealed wherein fighting was
mentioned, you saw that those in whose hearts there was a sickness looked at
you as though they were about to faint at the approach of death. 2
Pity on them!

طَاعَةٞ وَقَوۡلٞ مَّعۡرُوفٞۚ فَإِذَا عَزَمَ ٱلۡأَمۡرُ فَلَوۡ صَدَقُواْ ٱللَّهَ لَكَانَ خَيۡرٗا لَّهُمۡ

(47: 21) (They keep affirming their) obedience and saying good words. But
when a course of action was clearly determined, it would have been better for
them if they had proved true to Allah.

فَهَلۡ عَسَيۡتُمۡ إِن تَوَلَّيۡتُمۡ أَن تُفۡسِدُواْ فِي ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَتُقَطِّعُوٓاْ أَرۡحَامَكُمۡ

(47: 22) Now, if you were to turn away, 3 what else can be expected
but that you will work corruption in the land and fly at each other's throats?4

أُوْلَـٰٓئِكَ ٱلَّذِينَ لَعَنَهُمُ ٱللَّهُ فَأَصَمَّهُمۡ وَأَعۡمَىٰٓ أَبۡصَٰرَهُمۡ

(47: 23) It is these upon whom Allah has laid His curse: so He made them deaf
and deprived them of their sight.

أَفَلَا يَتَدَبَّرُونَ ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ أَمۡ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبٍ أَقۡفَالُهَآ

(47: 24) Do they, then, not reflect on the Qur'an? Or are there locks on their
hearts?5

إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ ٱرۡتَدُّواْ عَلَىٰٓ أَدۡبَٰرِهِم مِّنۢ بَعۡدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمُ ٱلۡهُدَى ٱلشَّيۡطَٰنُ سَوَّلَ لَهُمۡ وَأَمۡلَىٰ لَهُمۡ

(47: 25) Certainly those who have turned their backs on the True Guidance
after it became manifest to them, Satan has embellished their ways for them
and has buoyed them up with false hopes.

ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمۡ قَالُواْ لِلَّذِينَ كَرِهُواْ مَا نَزَّلَ ٱللَّهُ سَنُطِيعُكُمۡ فِي بَعۡضِ ٱلۡأَمۡرِۖ وَٱللَّهُ يَعۡلَمُ إِسۡرَارَهُمۡ

(47: 26) This, because they said to those who are averse to the faith that
Allah has revealed: “In some matters we shall obey you.”6 Allah
has full knowledge of their secret parleys.

فَكَيۡفَ إِذَا تَوَفَّتۡهُمُ ٱلۡمَلَـٰٓئِكَةُ يَضۡرِبُونَ وُجُوهَهُمۡ وَأَدۡبَٰرَهُمۡ

(47: 27) But how will they fare when angels will take their souls at death
and will carry them, striking their faces and backs?7

ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمُ ٱتَّبَعُواْ مَآ أَسۡخَطَ ٱللَّهَ وَكَرِهُواْ رِضۡوَٰنَهُۥ فَأَحۡبَطَ أَعۡمَٰلَهُمۡ

(47: 28) That is because they have followed a way that angered Allah, and
have been averse to His good pleasure. So He reduced all their works to nought. 8

أَمۡ حَسِبَ ٱلَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ أَن لَّن يُخۡرِجَ ٱللَّهُ أَضۡغَٰنَهُمۡ

(47: 29) Or do they, in whose hearts there is a sickness, believe that Allah
will not bring their failings to light?

وَلَوۡ نَشَآءُ لَأَرَيۡنَٰكَهُمۡ فَلَعَرَفۡتَهُم بِسِيمَٰهُمۡۚ وَلَتَعۡرِفَنَّهُمۡ فِي لَحۡنِ ٱلۡقَوۡلِۚ وَٱللَّهُ يَعۡلَمُ أَعۡمَٰلَكُمۡ

(47: 30) If We were to so will, We could have shown them to you so that you
would recognise them by their faces, and you would certainly know them by the
manner of their speech. Allah knows all your deeds.

وَلَنَبۡلُوَنَّكُمۡ حَتَّىٰ نَعۡلَمَ ٱلۡمُجَٰهِدِينَ مِنكُمۡ وَٱلصَّـٰبِرِينَ وَنَبۡلُوَاْ أَخۡبَارَكُمۡ

(47: 31) We shall certainly test you until We know those of you who truly
strive and remain steadfast, and will ascertain about you.

إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ وَصَدُّواْ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ وَشَآقُّواْ ٱلرَّسُولَ مِنۢ بَعۡدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمُ ٱلۡهُدَىٰ لَن يَضُرُّواْ ٱللَّهَ شَيۡـٔٗا وَسَيُحۡبِطُ أَعۡمَٰلَهُمۡ

(47: 32) Those who disbelieved and barred others from Allah's Way and opposed
the Messenger after the True Guidance had become manifest to them, they shall
not be able to cause Allah the least harm; rather, Allah will reduce all their
works to nought. 9

۞يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ أَطِيعُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُواْ ٱلرَّسُولَ وَلَا تُبۡطِلُوٓاْ أَعۡمَٰلَكُمۡ

(47: 33) Believers, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and do not cause your
works to be nullified. 0

إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ وَصَدُّواْ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ ثُمَّ مَاتُواْ وَهُمۡ كُفَّارٞ فَلَن يَغۡفِرَ ٱللَّهُ لَهُمۡ

(47: 34) Verily Allah shall not forgive those who disbelieved and barred others
from Allah's Way and clung to their unbelief until their death.

فَلَا تَهِنُواْ وَتَدۡعُوٓاْ إِلَى ٱلسَّلۡمِ وَأَنتُمُ ٱلۡأَعۡلَوۡنَ وَٱللَّهُ مَعَكُمۡ وَلَن يَتِرَكُمۡ أَعۡمَٰلَكُمۡ

(47: 35) So, be not faint-hearted and do not cry for peace. 1 You
shall prevail. Allah is with you and will not bring your works to nought.

إِنَّمَا ٱلۡحَيَوٰةُ ٱلدُّنۡيَا لَعِبٞ وَلَهۡوٞۚ وَإِن تُؤۡمِنُواْ وَتَتَّقُواْ يُؤۡتِكُمۡ أُجُورَكُمۡ وَلَا يَسۡـَٔلۡكُمۡ أَمۡوَٰلَكُمۡ

(47: 36) The life of this world is but sport and amusement. 2 If
you believe and are God-fearing, He will grant you your reward, and will not
ask you for your possessions. 3

إِن يَسۡـَٔلۡكُمُوهَا فَيُحۡفِكُمۡ تَبۡخَلُواْ وَيُخۡرِجۡ أَضۡغَٰنَكُمۡ

(47: 37) If He were to ask you for your possessions and press you (in that
regard), you would have grown niggardly, and Allah would have brought your failings
to light. 4

هَـٰٓأَنتُمۡ هَـٰٓؤُلَآءِ تُدۡعَوۡنَ لِتُنفِقُواْ فِي سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ فَمِنكُم مَّن يَبۡخَلُۖ وَمَن يَبۡخَلۡ فَإِنَّمَا يَبۡخَلُ عَن نَّفۡسِهِۦۚ وَٱللَّهُ ٱلۡغَنِيُّ وَأَنتُمُ ٱلۡفُقَرَآءُۚ وَإِن تَتَوَلَّوۡاْ يَسۡتَبۡدِلۡ قَوۡمًا غَيۡرَكُمۡ ثُمَّ لَا يَكُونُوٓاْ أَمۡثَٰلَكُم

(47: 38) Behold, you are those who are called upon to spend in Allah's Way,
but some of you are niggardly. Whoever is niggardly is in fact niggardly to
himself. For Allah is All-Sufficient, whereas it is you who are in need of Him.
If you turn away, He will replace you by a people other than you, and they will
not be like you.

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